In response to Harry Benson: It’s not ‘cuts’ that put children in care. It’s family breakdown, Groan wrote:

I was connected with the Troubled Families programme locally. As with many Government-inspired programmes, the push to achieve almost instant results resulted in ‘re-badging’ existing work and creating ‘new’ teams. Given that the ‘families’ identified were well known to services and had been for decades, any prospect of change was always going to be very hard-won. The result was a huge amount of expensive ‘expert’ time from a plethora of professionals.

As with the issues of recidivism in crime, there is little real effectiveness if the inputs swim against the wider tide. Surrounded by slightly less ‘troubled’ families not meeting the criteria, those getting all the attention simply carried on ‘to type’ when the experts left.